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Title Use of telemedicine for children with special health care needs
Author(s) Karp WB, Grigsby RK, McSwiggan-Hardin M, Pursley-Crotteau S, Adams LN, Bell W, Stachura ME, Kanto WP
Source Pediatrics, Vol. 105, No. 4, Pages 843-847
Publication Date April 2000
Abstract OBJECTIVE: In 1995, the Children's Medical Services (CMS) of the State of Georgia contracted with the Department of Pediatrics of the Medical College of Georgia (MCG) and the MCG Telemedicine Center to develop telemedicine programs to provide subspecialty care for children with special health care needs. This article presents project statistics and results of client evaluation of services, as well as physician faculty attitudes toward telemedicine. DESIGN: A demonstration project using telemedicine between a tertiary center and a rural clinic serving children with special health care needs was established. Data were collected and analyzed for December 12, 1995 to May 31, 1997, during which 333 CMS telemedicine consultations were performed. RESULTS: Most CMS telemedicine consultations (35%) involved pediatric allergy/immunology. Other subspecialties included pulmonology (29%), neurology (19%), and genetics (16%). Overall, patients were satisfied with the services received. Initially, physician faculty members were generally positive but conservative in their attitudes toward using telemedicine for delivering clinical consultation. After a year's exposure and/or experience with telemedicine, 28% were more positive, 66% were the same, and only 4% were more negative about telemedicine. The more physicians used telemedicine, the more positive they were about it (r =.30). CONCLUSIONS: In terms of family attitudes and individual care, telemedicine is an acceptable means of delivering specific pediatric subspecialty consultation services to children with special health care needs, living in rural areas distant to tertiary centers. Telemedicine is more likely to be successful as part of an integrated health services delivery than when it is the sole mode used for delivery of care.

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