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Title Microcomputer-based automatic regulation of extracorporeal circulation: a trial for the application of fuzzy inference
Author(s) Anbe J, Tobi T, Nakajima H, Akasaka T, Okinaga K
Source Artif Organs, Vol. 16, No. 5, Pages 532-538
Publication Date Oct. 1992
Abstract Since its establishment many researchers have been trying to automate the process of extracorporeal circulation (ECC). We developed a preliminary experimental model of an automatic regulatory system for ECC. The purpose of the system was to regulate basic hemodynamic parameters such as pump flow and withdrawal blood volume. It was divided into three main components: data sampling unit, central processing unit, and controlling unit. Based on this model we were able to achieve autoregulation of ECC using minimum configuration; however, the system lacked smoothness. This was partly because it was based on a "static" regulation system which used conditional statements having multiple parameters. In this study, we applied fuzzy logic to the former model to achieve more accurate and reliable regulation. We report experimental results for the new system and compare the data between clinical circulation in 13 infants (mean body weight, 13.32 +/- 5.99 kg) and experimental regulation in 7 mongrel dogs (mean body weight, 11.9 +/- 2.53 kg). The comparative study revealed no statistical difference between the two groups. This result suggests that the automatic regulation of ECC may be an alternative to manual operation by a professional perfusionist in the near future.

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