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Title Mathematical analysis and computer simulation of the respiratory system in the newborn infant
Author(s) F. T. Tehrani
Source IEEE Transactions in Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 40, No. 5, Pages 475-481
Publication Date May, 1993
Abstract A mathematical model of neonatal respiratory control is proposed which can be used to stimulate the system under different physiological conditions. The model consists of a continuous plant and a discrete controller. Included in the plant are lungs, body tissue, brain tissue, a cerebrospinal fluid compartment, and central and peripheral receptors. The effect of shunt in the lungs is included in the model and the lung volume and the dead space are time varying. The controller utilizes outputs from peripheral and central receptors to adjust the depth and rate of breathing and the effects of prematurity of peripheral receptors are included in the system. Hering-Breuer type reflexes are embodied in the controller to accomplish respiratory synchronization. The model is examined and its simulation results under test conditions in hypoxia and hypercapnia are presented.

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