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Title VIE-PNN: An Expert system for Calculating Parenteral Nutrition of Intensive Care Premature and Newborn Infants. [German]
Author(s) M. Dobner; S. Miksch; W. Horn; C. Popow
Source Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift, Vol. 107, No. 4, Pages 128-132
Publication Date 1995
Abstract Daily renewed composition of parenteral nutrition for premature and full-term newborn infants in intensive care is time consuming and prone to inherent calculation errors. We developed a knowledge based system, VIE-PNN (Vienna Expert System for Calculating Parenteral Nutrition of Neonates) for calculating the proposed composition of parenteral nutrition on the basis of the calculating algorithm used at our neonatal intensive care unit. The system needs manual input on postnatal age, body weight, serum electrolytes (or normal values if not available), amount and content of additional oral feeds, venous access (peripheral or central), total amount of fluid intake, and complications such as sepsis (reduced lipid supply) or cholestasis (reduced amino acid supply). The parenteral nutrition proposal may interactively be modified by the attending physician. There are possibilities for error detection to reduce the probability of typing or calculation errors. The system was developed to run on IBM compatible PCs and has been tested clinically. We describe the problem domain, system structure, clinical evaluation of VIE-PNN and the calculation of a standard parenteral nutrition solution from the data stored in the system's database.

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